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Sapphire is identical in structure to ruby and is also many different the mineral corundum. Sapphires are seen widely as blue in color with red and pink red corundum stones being viewed as rubies. This stone is quite hard and makes for an incredibly durable gemstone. Favored among these stones are those with the classic star pattern. This stone is mined the world over and the origin with the stone often determines the level of its color and sparkle. Sapphire can be found in many aspects of Africa, Southeast and Central Asia, the usa, Mexico and Australia. Corundum has been given synthetically for industrial and gemstone purposes considering that the early 20th century. Therefore, care has to be taken when buying a stone because there are a variety solutions to artificially enhance the color and search of corundum.
As well as its red cousin the ruby, sapphires have a very long and hallowed history that goes back to olden days. It once was believed that any blue stone was obviously a sapphire. Long valued by royalty these stones have even held a location of prominence from the Roman Catholic Church. The traditional Persians belief that the blue from the sky was somehow associated with sapphires and also the stones were often viewed as gift in the heavens.
Sapphire is known as the birthstone of September and from the astrological birth warning signs of Sagittarius, Virgo and Libra.
Modern age Beliefs and Powers Through The Ages
Depending on the color, this stone has been said to possess many metaphysical powers. Among gemstones sapphires are some of the top guns and powerful stones. One of many powers due to wearing this stone are wisdom, truth as well as the granting of marital bliss and fidelity. The stone is thought to reduce the chances of an array of both mental and physical illness, and also impart a sense of calmness and serenity. The heavenly qualities with the stone were considered to protect the wearer against curses and witchcraft.
Sapphire identifies every color of corundum expect for reds and pinks that are considered rubies. This stone can be found in a special variety of colors like the classic blue and shades of yellow, brown, black, gray and purple to mention only a few. The attractive and classic star pattern sometimes within sapphire includes a six line star pattern intersecting at sixty degree increments. Variations in color can happen depending on the quantity of titanium, iron or chromium impurity perfectly located at the stone.
Artificial Varieties of Enhancement
There are several processes accustomed to artificially enhance the color and search of such stones. Heat treatment methods are carried out in to deepen along with and also the stones be exposed to an activity called irradiation to switch along with. Stones which may have not undergone almost any artificial enhancement are thought to possess a higher value.
General Scientific Information
Mit name Al2O3 and it is known corundum.
Hardness measures 9.0 around the Mohs scale – the Mohs scale measures the hardness of metals, minerals, gemstones and crystals over a scale of just one to 10. Including the hardness properties of most quartz crystals fall around 7 around the scale, along with steel and titanium. Diamond could be the hardest known substance about the Mohs scale weighing a hardcore 10. To most consumers hardness generally reflects the stones capable to resist scratches and cracks.
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